Editing Description from Wikipedia – Video editing refers to taking various clips or segments of video and “cutting” them together to form a cohesive and concise program. Cutting comes from the movie industry because traditional movie film is actually cut with a razor and spliced together.
Video editing is full of strange terms unique to video production and video technology. Television newsrooms have video and scripting terminology that often changes per network and region of the country.
These are here for reference. You don’t need to learn them (it would be painful!) until they are relevant to where you are in the editing process.CautionA word of caution! Nonlinear editing programs sometimes use vastly different terms to describe similar actions. Use the terms below just as a general guide. More will be added as new programs come on the market.
Control Track – When you buy a video tape at the store, it is ready to record but doesn’t have a signal on it to allow it to talk to your video recorder. That’s why when you play a “blank” tape it looks like snow and when you record a signal you see images. It’s a difficult term to define and understand and you’ll see why in this “technically accurate” definition: May refer to either the series of pulses present in a video signal which synchronize all of its components or the third track on a video machine which is often used to record longitudinal time code. see, told ya – yikes – technobabble!
Cut, Dissolve, Wipe – Types of video transititions between shots (sometimes performed on a television video switcher below)
Television station video switcher
Assemble – But I had to tell you about control track to tell you about assemble. Assemble is what the machine does when it records the control track. If you put your VCR into record it records control track either by recording a television signal or what you are sending it from your camera.
Insert – Some machines are able to insert video and audio separately, without destroying the existing control track. This is what allows linear editing machines to “replace” or cut in a new video shot or audio over what is already there. So if you don’t like that middle shot in your wedding where you yawned you can replace it with Aunt Martha crying for joy at your nuptials.
Lift/Overwrite- Those video tape terms have moved to nonlinear editing. Lift means to lift out, leave your video piece intact and lift out a shot you don’t like and “splice – in ” a new one, without disturbing anything before or after it. That would have been similar to Insert in Linear editing. You would essentially leave a blank hole in your project, of a specific length and you would have to fill it with a shot that fit that time hole.
Extract/Splice-in- Same process as above only this time the footage you are removing doesn’t leave a hole. The video on either side comes together. We’ll work on this in the Easy Project.
Splice/Razor – Cut a clip with a Razor tool to move or edit it
Trim – trim seconds or frames off of the front or back of a clip
Snap – If you move a clip around on a timeline, it can snap to another clip, provided you have that function enabled in tools
Sequence – The place or window where you move video and audio to create a piece
Timeline – Same as above – different edit software terminology
Storyboard – Windows Movie Maker term for a particular view of the Timeline
Track – separate places on the sequence or timeline to put video and audio channels (some software has room for many channels, others just one or two)
Capture – Bringing your video footage into your computer using the digital recording function
Digitize – Same as above – again, different edit software terminology
Digital Cut – An AVID editing term for exporting video to tape
Record to Tape – Another term for exporting video to tape
Audio/Video Mixdown – Mixing down several layers of audio or video or both to one single audio or video layer
Filler – a spacer or place holder on the nonlinear timeline
Title or Super – The writing superimposed over sound bites that identifies your interviewees
A Roll – An old film term meaning the content structure of the piece, voice track and sound bites
B Roll – An old film term meaning the footage that fills in the spaces between the sound bites and follows the voice track to illustrate story.
Natural Sound – NatSot – Sound attached to your video … birds chirping, wind, feet walking. Natural sound is critically important to a project and makes your video come alive.
Sound Bite – SOT – The portion of an interview that you are using in your piece
Voice over – VO – The recorded voice of project talent
Voice Track – In many newsrooms and production houses, track means a recorded voice. Track also is part of the nonlinear timeline where you put video or audio.